What is Phobia | Types of Phobia | Treatment of Phobia
What is Phobia:
Phobia is defined as a type of anxiety disorder, an extreme behavior, and excessive fear of specific object or situation. Phobia are diagnosed as mental disorder. The person who face phobia will have intense distress. Impact of phobia may leads to panic attacks from normally functioning.
Causes of Phobia:
Usually phobia develops during childhood or in adolescence or in early adulthood. Symptoms may start at the age of four and eight. Genetically phobia is also transferred from generation to generation. Environmental factors also cause symptoms of phobia. Many children especially those who have anxiety disorder in their close relatives have risk of developing phobia. Sometimes unwanted thoughts like don’t want to visit doctor or dentist for a painful process like injection or medicine give rise to phobia. After traumatic brain injuries, substance abuse and depression may cause high risk of phobia. Some children learn things from family like if family member is scared of cockroach or spider, ultimately children will have fear.
Symptoms of Phobia:
There are several symptoms of phobia:
- Feeling dizzy, light headed or faint.
- Sweating or feeling you are choking.
- Increase or accelerated heartbeat, a pounding heart.
- Tightness or chest pain.
- Shaking and trembling.
- Diarrhea, vomiting or Nausea.
- Butterflies in stomach.
- Headache, confusion and distortion.
- Uncontrollable anxiety
- Not being able to function properly.
- Fear losing control & dying.
- Fainting or Feeling out of touch with reality.
Types of Phobia:
There are following types of phobia
Hydrophobia: Fear of water.
Gamophobia: Fear of marriage.
Achluphobia: Fear of darkness
Glossophobia: Fear of speaking in public.
Hemophobia: Fear of blood.
Bibliophobia: Fear of books.
Magierocophobia: Fear of cooking.
Acrophobia: Fear of heights.
Mysophobia: Fear of dirt and germs.
Cynophobia: Fear of Dog
Necrophobia: Fear of Death or dead things.
Obesophobia: Fear of gaining weight.
Philophobia: Fear of love.
Aerophobia: Fear of flying.
Pyrophobia: Fear of fire.
Chromophobia: Fear of colors.
Algophobia: Fear of pain.
Dystychiphobia:Fear of accident.
Astraphobia: Fear of Lightning and thunder.
Dentophobia: Fear of dentists.
Autophobia: Fear of being alone.
Elurophobia: Fear of cats.
Treatment of Phobia:
Many therapeutic techniques and medication are used for treatment. Mostly Psychotherapy is used for treatment of phobia. Or many others therapies are also used. Those people who are aware of their phobia are likely easier to treat. The person who have any phobia should talk to psychologist or psychiatrist because some time it is not possible to avoid the triggers of some phobia. The health professional or psychologist, and psychiatrist recommend some therapies or medication.
Psychotherapy is also known as talk Therapy. This is a way to change your response to the object or situation that you fear. It helps to manage your anxiety, thoughts, feeling, and fear. They gradually exposed to the cause of phobia. For example, a person having Aerophobia, will follow following steps under the guidance of psychologist, psychiatrist or any health expert.
- Firstly the person will think about flying.
- Psychologist or therapist will show him pictures of planes.
- The person will visit airport.
- They will practice him stimulated airplane cabin.
- Finally, they will board a plane.
Cognitive Behavioral therapy (CBT)
It in another therapy or technique used to cope with phobia or fear. In this technique, people learn alternative beliefs about their fear and bodily sensation impact on their life. CBT teaches a person having phobia to control their own feelings and thoughts.
Mostly these therapies are successful in treating some phobias. But sometimes medication can also help for anxiety and panic attacks.
Some are like Antidepressants, SSRIs including Celexa (citalopram), Zoloft (sertraline), Prozac (fluoxetine), Paxil (paroxetine), and Benzodiazepines.