Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

What is Personality Disorder?

It is a type of mental disorder in which people think negatively and they have unhealthy patterns of thinking. They behave and act rigidly. The person suffering from personality Disorder have trouble to understand people, become difficult to deal with different situations, and cause problems with society and social circle. This behavior causes many problems like stress anxiety or maybe leads to depression. Sometimes, you may not realize that you are suffering from this disorder because you think you are right in every condition and your thinking patterns are natural. It may cause difficulty for you.

Causes of Personality Disorder

  1. Genetics
  2. Environment
  3. Trauma of childhood
  4. Abuse
  5. Peers


Genetics & heredity play a vital role in personality disorder. Sometimes parents are suffering from this and this disorder develops in children, or maybe parents or forefathers are aggressive than the children may have tendencies. Traits play an important role in this disorder.


The environment includes surrounding where you grow up. Your friends, your peers, etc have a great impact on you. If they are aggressive, their company will affect your personality.

The trauma of childhood:

Childhood trauma has a big role in this disorder. If a child suffers from trauma in his childhood, it has a great impact on his personality. Collaborative longitudinal personality disorder studies have clues about childhood trauma.


Any type of abuse hurts personality. Even verbal abuse like if a mother is screaming on a child, the child feels negativity, narcissistic, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or personality disorder in adulthood.


Any relationship has a great influence on personality even friends, relatives, or teachers can offset negative.

Symptoms of Personality Disorder

  • Prevalent distrust
  • Extreme mood swings
  • Unstable relationship with others
  • Feeling of emptiness
  • Harm to self
  • Self-destructive behavior
  • Negative cognition
  • Tendency to hold grudges.

Types of Personality Disorder

  • Paranoid personality disorder
  • Schizoid personality disorder
  • Cluster b personality disorder
  • Cluster c personality disorder
  • Schizotypal personality disorder
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Histornic personality disorder
  • Narcissistic personality disorder
  • Avoidant personality disorder
  • Dependent personality disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder


Physical Exam:

The medical professional or mental health professional may take your physical exam and ask most questions about your health. Your physical test includes drug and alcohol tests.

Psychiatric Evaluation:

A Psychologist or a Psychiatrist gives you a questionnaire to fill. They observe your thoughts, thinking patterns, feelings, and emotions. They take information from your close one, it is also helpful.

Diagnostic Criteria in the DSM-5:

Your Health Specialist may reassemble your symptoms with the given criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA)

  • How you perceive and interpret yourself, other people, and events?
  • Your emotional responses.
  • How well you behave when dealing with other people and in relationships?
  • Whether you can control your impulses or not?

sometimes it can be difficult to differentiate between types of personality disorders. Some personality disorders are similar but when it’s diagnosed properly it’s easy to treat.


Your treatment team includes your primary doctor or other primary care provider as well as, Psychiatric nurse, Psychologist, or other therapists, Social worker, Pharmacist, Psychiatrist.

If you have basic symptoms you can be diagnosed or treated by your primary doctor and mental health professional. (Anti-depressants) (Mood stabilizers) (Antipsychotic Medication) (Anti Anxiety Medication)

Treatment methods:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Talk Therapy
  • Medication
  • Hospital and Residential Program

Please keep visiting our website for more information about Psychological Problems.


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