Menstrual Cycle, Menstrual Cramps and how psychologically mood swings before Periods
The menstrual cycle is a regular natural change in women’s body. It is a monthly cycle for the reproductive part of the organ. Hormonal changes occur in the female body. This cycle is necessary for the production of oocytes, and it is also compulsory for the preparation of the uterus for pregnancy. It occurs due to estrogen. If pregnancy doesn’t occur, Lining is released which is known as Menstrual Cycle or Periods.
Types of Menstrual Disorder:
- Premenstrual Syndrome
This is also known as (PMS). It temporarily disturbs your function. Unpleasant or uncomfortable feelings produce in it. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is much more severe than Premenstrual syndrome. It can affect 3-8% of female reproductive age.
The most common symptoms of PMS are Headache, skin problem (Acne), psychological problems(Depression, Anxiety), changes in appetite, Muscle spasms, fainting, vomiting, Allergies, infection, and Diminished libido (sex drive).
Should do exercise 3-4 times a week. Eat healthy food like vegetables, grains, fruits. Reduce intake of alcoholic products. Healthy sleeping patterns and proper rest is very useful.
Amenorrhea is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for more than 3 months.
There are two types of Amenorrhea.
At puberty Menstrual cycle does not begin.
Sometimes menstrual increases abnormally or may be irregular or absent.
It will be due to pregnancy, breastfeeding, Menopause, Medical problem, Birth defect, Excessive Exercise, Thyroid Disorder, Eating Disorders.
You should visit your healthcare professional or go for a check-up.
Dysmenorrhea is defined as frequent and severe menstrual cramps and pain associated with menstruation. It has two types, Primary Dysmenorrhea and Secondary Dysmenorrhea.
Abnormal uterine contraction experienced by a woman resulting in a chemical imbalance in the body.
It is caused by a medical condition, mostly endometriosis.
Uterine fibroids, Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), Abnormal pregnancy(miscarriage), Infections
Any women can have Dysmenorrhea but those who have high risk are:
- Those who have menstrual before 11 age.
- Those who have a high intake of alcohol during periods.
- Those who have overweight
Weakness, fatigue, Nausea, vomiting, pain, and cramps in the lower abdomen, Diarrhea, fainting, Lower back pain
Should visit their healthcare professional or physician. The medication is also beneficial for it.
It is defined as abnormal uterine bleeding or heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. in some cases, bleeding occurs daily and disturb daily activities.
There are several possible causes:
- Liver, kidney and thyroid disease
- Bleeding or platelets disorders
- Hormonal balance
- pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- High level of Endothelins
- birth control devices
Women’s Menstrual cycle lasts longer than 7 days. Spotting bleeding during pregnancy or maybe during the menstrual cycle. Typical symptoms women have soaked through enough sanitary napkins require changing every hour.
Your doctor may refer you to a psychiatrist to rule other possible conditions. A specific treatment plan will be given by your doctor based on your age, health, medical history, your tolerance for medication, therapies, etc.