What is Depression? Causes of Depression, and Ways to overcome Depression?

Depression Causes, Symptoms, and how to overcome Depression?

What is Depression? Causes of Depression, and Ways to overcome Depression?


Depression (Major depressive Disorders) is defined as a mood disorder in which feeling of Sadness, Anger, lose of interest, Negative vibes are included. It has mood fluctuation, a variety of emotional and physical problems, and maybe a decreased ability to function normally at work & home.

Major Life events like a major loss, death of someone close person, can lead to chronic health and can also influence relations. It is ongoing Disorder not a passing one. It is episodic disorder. It is necessary the symptoms should last for at least 2 weeks. It can also last for weeks, months, or years.

Signs & Symptoms of Depression:

  • Feeling sad or having a bad mood.
  • Mood swings: Anger, restlessness, aggressive, anxious.
  • feeling empty, emotional, hopeless.
  • Loss of energy or increase of fatigue.
  • Sometimes feeling worthless or guilty.
  • Reduce interest in sexual desires.
  • Weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting
  • Change in appetite
  • Loss of interest in activities,feeling tired easily.
  • More than a state of sadness or feeling “blue”.
  • Trouble in sleeping or sleeping too much.
  • Thought of death and suicide.

Symptoms in Men:

  • Avoid family and social gathering
  • Feel difficulty to maintain work and family responsibility.
  • More use of drugs, engaging in high-risk activities.
  • Lack of sexual performance.
  • Show abusive or controlling behavior in a relationship.
  • Mostly delayed response during conversations.
  • Feel difficulty to complete any task.
  • Sleeping patterns change may be excessive sleep,no sleep, insomnia.
  • Physical problems: digestive problems, heart problems, obesity.

Symptoms in Women:

  • Mood swings
  • Loss of intrest in daily activities.
  • Feeling empty or hopeless.
  • Talking or Thinking more slowly.
  • difficult sleeping patterns, insomnia or excessive sleep.
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Negative thoughts.
  • increasd cramps.
  • Aches
  • change in appetite.
  • weight gain or weight loss.

Symptoms in Children:

  • Mood swings, irritation, crying.
  • Sadness, hopeless.
  • Feeling incompetent.
  • Refusing to school.
  • avoid siblings and friends.
  • The decline in school performance.
  • A major change in grades.
  • Thought about suicide.
  • weight loss or gain.
  • Sleeping patterns disturb.

Difference between Depression and Grief :

The ending of the relationship, loss of a job, death of loved ones, all are very difficult, the response of this situation is result of feeling of sadness or grief. Maybe in this type of situation they feel depressed. But being unhappy and sad doesn’t mean you are depressed.

  • In grief or sadness, people may remember positive memories or intermix with other emotions.
  • In grief, self-esteem may be maintained.
  • In major depression, mood or pleasure activities decreased.
  • In depression self-worth become low.

Some times death of loved ones may lead to depression.Breakup or losing job also brings depression.

Causes of Depression:

Some major causes of depression are:

Early Childhood Trauma:

Childhood trauma or fearful incident or stressful situation can affect your body.


If depression is inherited or any mood disorder in your family then you have high risk of depression.

Medical Conditions:

Chronic illness, chronic pain, insomnia, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), may put at high risk of depression.

Brain structure:

If your front lobe of brain is less active there is a high risk of depression.

Drug use:

Misuse or excessive use of drugs and alcohol can also cause depression.


Emotional, physical, sexual abuse can also cause depression.

Death or loss:

The sudden death of loved ones or any major loss of life may increase a high risk of depression.


Family disputes or conflicts with siblings and friends and some other conflicts with personal relations can develop depression.

Treatment of Depression:

Depression is treatable Disorder, between 80-90% of people can be treated well. Most patients get relief after treatment. Before treatment it should properly diagnosed. You should visit your healthcare professional. Mostly They will ask questions about your:

  • Cognition
  • Eating patterns
  • Sleeping patterns
  • Mood swings
  • Activity level

Your healthcare professional also examines:

  • Body movement
  • Appearance
  • Eye contact
  • Thyroid test
  • Speech style

It can be treated in various ways:


Psychotherapy alone many times use for mild depression but for severe or moderate depression, psychotherapy is used with Antidepressants. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is also used to deal with depression. It also helps the person to change distorted thoughts and behavior.

Support (self-helping and coping):

There are so many things people use to cope with depression. They can do daily good activities, do some exercise, it can improve mood. They should talk about their problems with close ones. They should talk with family Psychiatrists or Psychologists. And take proper session or treatment.


Antidepressants use to change brain chemistry. They give benefits in 1 or 2 weeks. If the patient feels no difference, change the health professional, or change the dose.

Drug treatment:

Avoid Alcohol or reduce the use of drugs. Eat a healthy diet or take better sleep. It can also help reduce the symptoms of depression.

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT):

It is medical treatment. it is mostly used with major depressive patients, or having Bipolar Disorder. Other treatment doesn’t respond to them. This Therapy is used since 1940s and with the passage of time it has improved. It is managed by trained team of Psychiatrists, and physicians or nurses.

Some Natural ways:

  1. Get in routine
  2. Set some goals
  3. Set Eating patterns
  4. set sleeping patterns
  5. Do exercise
  6. Take Responsibilities
  7. Challenge Negative thoughts
  8. Think positive
  9. Try To do something New
  10. Enjoy daily activities.
  11. Try to Get connected with your lord.
  12. Recite or listen sorah Rehman .

If Depression left Untreated:

  • If depression is left Untreated serious health issues occur.
  • Trouble in relationships.
  • Less productivity.
  • chance of suicide increase.


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